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Spanish political structure

A closer look into how the government is structured

Julio Gomez - Dec 23, 2022.

Parliamentary Democracy

Spain is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy.

The Spanish government is divided into three branches: the executive, the legislative, and the judicial.

The executive branch of government is led by the prime minister, who is nominated by the monarch and appointed by the parliament. The prime minister then selects a cabinet of ministers to help lead the government.

The legislative branch of government is made up of the parliament, which is composed of two chambers: the Congress of Deputies and the Senate. The Congress of Deputies is the lower chamber and is responsible for passing laws, while the Senate is the upper chamber and has a more advisory role. Members of both chambers are elected by popular vote.

The judicial branch of government is responsible for interpreting and enforcing the law. The Spanish judiciary is independent of the other two branches of government and is divided into two main categories: the Audiencia Nacional, which handles cases of national significance, and the Provincial Audiencias, which handle cases at the regional level.

Spain has a multiparty system, with a number of political parties representing a range of ideologies. In recent years, the two largest parties have been the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) and the People's Party (PP). However, a number of other parties, including Ciudadanos, Podemos, and the Catalan separatist parties, have also gained significant support in recent years.

Spain has a long history of democracy and has a stable political system. However, as with any country, there are often political and policy differences and debates among different parties and interest groups, which can impact the political climate and the functioning of government.


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